How many carbs should a diabetic take in a day?
We all know that diabetes can affect a way of body to metabolize sugar. Whether you are type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you should pay attention on the amount of carbohydrates that you take is essential. With right education and planing as well as a healthy diabetic diet including of carbohydrates in moderate amount, then you are able to control your diabetes as well. So, how many carbs should a diabetic have in a day?
You should know that the daily carbohydrate intake for diabetic based on weight, gender, age, activity and goal. The diabetic’s need is so vary, if they being active one day, then they should rest in next day. Then around half of all calories must come from carbs regarding of total carbohydrates in a day. For more information related to how many carbs should a diabetic have in a day, then you can read it below and start to consult with your doctor to get proper healthy diet.
How many carbs that diabetic can take in a day?
You should know that all of carbs can increase the blood glucose level, however ther are several carbs that can increase blood glucose level than others. With keeping your track on how many carbohydrates in your food, then you are better in controlling your blood sugar level and manage your diabetes as well. According to American Diabetes Association recommended that adults who diagnosed with diabetes can consume around 45 to 60 grams carbs per meal that can add up to 135 to 180 grams carbs per day. As mentioned before that there are many individuals that might need more or lesser carbohydrates. So, it always better to consuls with your professional dietitian for individual recommendation.
Several types of carbohydrates
There are three main types of carbohydrates including of fiber, starches and sugars. The starchy foods were also called as complex carbohydrates, including of corn, peas, beans, grains and whole rice, wheat pasta and oats. Then sugars can build up naturally, such as in fruit. However there are several common names for sugar, such as honey, brown sugar, beet sugar and more. Then fiber is the indigestible part from the plant foods that passing your bowel when you are eating vegetables, fruits, nuts, whole grains and so on. Common recommendation is that adult can eat 25 to 30 grams fiber per day. This is because fiber offers many benefits for diabetics and help to control the blood sugar level by slowing down the release of sugar in your blood stream after eating.
Counting your carbohydrates
According to the American Diabetes Association, carbohydrates calculation is a technique for meal planing that can be used to control the blood sugar level on diabetics. Before you start counts your carbohydrate, then you have to know what food that contain of carbs. Food with carbohydrates including of starchy substantial such as rice, bread, cereal, crackers, milk and yogurt, fruit and juice and so on. Soy products such as vegetable burgers, snack foods such as juice drinks, chips, candy, sweet, starchy vegetables such as corn and potatoes. One of carbs exchange is same with 15 grams of carbs per meal as the starter point or even three to five of carbs exchange. Generally, the protein and fat do not affect the blood sugar and diabetics are able to eat them as the part of balanced diet.
Your doctor might advise you to “count your carbs” or using something which is called as the glycemic index in order to plan your meal. The healthy diet should consist of balanced proteins, carbohydrate and fats. However, people with type 2 diabetes should be more pay attention with carbohydrate intake. Why? When they eat anything that contain of carbohydrate was digested, then it can turn into suar that can increase their blood sugar level. That’s the basic. Eating too much carbs can increase the blood sugar level in blood stream then can lead complications as well. so, the key for people with type 2 diabetes is consume carbohydrates in limited amount anytime in each meal and even when they snack as well. The total of carbohydrates should be around 40% to 60% of daily diet if you diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
There is no diet that works best for people with type 2 diabetes because there are so many variables, such as: activity, age, weight, medications, daily routine and personal reference should be considered. So, you will need diabetes care team to help you. As mentioned before that you are able to discuss with your diabetes educator or dietitian to decide the right amount of carbohydrates for you so that you are able to deliver your body with steady energy through the day, manage your blood sugar level and keeping your healthy weight as well.
The basic to count your carbohydrates
Counting your carbohydrates is an effective way to monitor your carbohydrate intake and keeping your sugar from building up in your blood stream. Even, you are also able to use these basic tips below to help your manage the carbohydrate consumption in a day.
- For foods with nutrition label, then you can add the grams of carbs each serving, generally you have to stick to one size of serving. If you consume more than one serving, then you have to re-consider your decision.
- The foods that contain of carbohydrates, including of veggies, starches, dairy products, sweets and beans. Most of people with type 2 diabetes should eat around 45 to 60 grams carbs for each meal.
- For food without nutrition label, then you have to consider the amount of carbs by using the diabetic exchange table. For example, one small piece of fresh fruit containing of 15 grams of carbs.
- You should note the carb counting for beverages as well. Alcohol and fruit juices can add more carbs.
- If you are able to count your daily carbohydrate intake, then you are able to manage your diet and control your blood sugar which is a good way for your diabetes as well.