How Many Carbs You Can Take For Diabetic Eat?
You can find out about how many carbs per day for a diabetic might seem confusing. However ADA (American Diabetes Association) created the meal plan that provide around 45% calories from carbohydrates. It is also including of 45 to 60 gram in each meal and 10 to 25 grams for each snack, calculating about 135 to 230 grams carbohydrates each day.
But, there are many experts said that diabetic people should eat less carbs than this mentioned before. In fact, there are many people recommended to take fewer carbs each day that what’s allows by ADA for each meal. So, this article provides you with research related to supporting the law carbs diet for people with diabetes and provide a guide to decide best carb intake for you. Before you know further, it’s better to know what diabetes is first.
What is diabetes?
Blood sugar or glucose is the main source of fuel for your cells. However, people with diabetes, an ability to process and utilize the blood sugar are damaged. There two common types of diabetes that you can learn here.
Type 1 diabetes
On type 1 diabetes, pancreas cannot produce insulin as a hormone which allows glucose took out of blood stream to get into your body’s cells. Instead, insulin should be injected to make sure that sugar can enter the cells. People with type 1 diabetes develop because of the autoimmune process where your body fights off the cells that produce insulin, which is also known as the beta cells. This disease is usually diagnosed on children; however it can start to develop in any age, even among late adulthood as well.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is more common and calculating around 90% of diabetic people. Similar to type 1 diabetes, it can develop in adult and children as well. However, this disease is less common in children and usually occurs in obese people. The form of this disease, a pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or body’s cells are resisting toward insulin effect. Therefore, there are too much sugar build up in your bloodstream.
Over the time, the beta cells in your pancreas tear out because the result of pumping out more and more insulin in the effort of decreasing the blood sugar. They can be damaged as the result of high levels of sugar in your blood. Diabetes can be diagnosed by increasing fasting blood or the HbA1c that provides you with reflection of blood sugar to control around two to three months.
How is your food can affect the blood sugar level?
Blood sugar level can be affected by many things, including of disease, stress and exercise. However, one of the biggest factors that affecting your blood sugar is the type and amount of meal or food that you take. One of the three macronutrients, they are: protein, carbs and fat, then carbs has the biggest effect on blood sugar so far. Your body starts to digest the carbs, then they will break down into sugar that get into your bloodstream. It happens with all of food that contain of carbs as you can find in refined carb sources, such as cookies and chips.
However, the whole foods that you can take is containing of fiber. Unlike sugar and starch, then the natural fiber will occur and this type of food cannot raise your blood sugar level. When diabetic people eat high carb food that easier to digest, then their blood sugar level can increase to the very high level as well. Eat most of these foods usually need high dosage of insulin or diabetes medication to control your blood sugar. Because they cannot produce insulin, then people with type 1 diabetes need to inject the insulin several times per day, no matter of what they eat. But, consume less carbs can significantly lowering your insulin dosage.
The low-carb diets
Nowadays, there is no exact agreement about on how much carbs that you can take in low-carb diet. However, the term of “low-carb” will refer to the diet that only containing of 50 to 10 grams of carb or 10% to 20% carbs each day. There are only very few researches related to carb restriction for type 1 diabetes, most of them used the carb intakes in a low-carb rate. One of the most concerns for people who have diabetes s the hypoglycemia or blood sugar which significantly drop into the low level.
Based on a study, adults with type 1 diabetes who cut down the daily carb intakes les than 90 grams will get 83% of less episodes of low blood sugar before they start to get diet. Then, people who have type 2 diabetes also can take benefits from limiting the daily carb intakes to 100 grams or up to 20% calories.
How low you can go?
A research had confirmed that the several levels of carb restriction is very effective to decrease the blood sugar level. This is because of carbs can increase the blood sugar, reducing them in specific rate can help you to control how much your blood sugar will raise after you are having meal. For example, if you are consuming around 250 grams of carbs every day, then you decrease your intake up to 130 grams then the result is significantly lowering your blood sugar even you are having mak as well.
When you start to limit the carb intakes, there are often you will find the dramatic decreasing in your blood sugar level. For this reason, the insulin and dosage of other medications should be decreased as well. In some cases, they might have to be removed at all. If the insulin or other medications were not adjusted into the low-carb diet, then there is a high risk of harmful low blood sugar level which known as the hypoglycemia. Hence, this is very essential to consume insulin or diabetes medications and consul with your doctor even before you start low-carb diet. This information can be used as your reference for low-carb diet.