How to Prevent Gestational Diabetes and Many More
Tips of how to prevent gestational diabetes is important, because not many people are even familiar with this type of diabetes. Gestational diabetes commonly happens during pregnancy, and it is able to happen in any week of pregnancy. Wanna know more about gestational diabetes? Here are information you should know about this kind of diabetes.
What is Gestational Diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes which happens during pregnancy, and usually only lasts until birth process. Gestational diabetes attacks about 9.2% of pregnant women and it usually happen between 24th week to 28th week of pregnancy. But it does not rule out the possibility that it is able to be happened in any week during pregnancy.
Not different from any other common types of diabetes, gestational diabetes occur when the production of insulin is not enough to control the level of glucose inside the body during pregnancy. The high level of glucose in blood is dangerous both for the mother and the baby, but the risk can be pressured if it is handled directly and quickly.
The cause of gestational diabetes is not surely known yet, but the factor which often triggers is hormonal changes. During pregnancy, placenta will produce additional hormones such as estrogen hormone, Human Placental Lactogen (HPL), and other hormones which increase the insulin resistance. As the time goes by, those hormones will increase and influence the insulin performances.
The higher the influences of hormones to insulin, the level of sugar in blood will increase and this increases the risk of getting gestational diabetes. Besides, a woman is also at risk of getting this disease if she is already entering the age of 25 years old and over when pregnant, has hypertension or high blood pressure, has family members with history of diabetes, overweight, had given birth to a baby above 4.5 kg weight, had miscarriage, or race factors.
The Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes
Not all of pregnant women can feel the symptoms of gestational diabetes, but the symptoms are able to be felt when blood sugar increases (hyperglycemia). The symptoms are:
Often feel thirsty
Mouth feels dry.
Easy getting tired.
But not all of the symptoms mentioned above indicate the condition of gestational diabetes. Discuss with your doctor in order to know more about the condition you experience.
Gestational Diabetes Treatment
For the sake of the health of mothers and babies, there are several steps of treatment which are usually suggested by doctors. Here they are.
Monitoring the Level of Glucose in Blood
In order to avoid further complications, the doctor may suggest to do blood check regularly, such as 4 times or 5 times a day, in order to monitor it well. This treatment is usually done by using small finger injections and the level of glucose is directly detected with specific equipment. If it is needed, the doctor may suggest to inject or consume insulin so that the level of glucose is kept until birth process.
Besides mothers, the doctor may do regular baby checks with ultrasound in order to monitor the growth and the development of the baby. Moreover, the doctor will also be able to see estimated day of birth. And if the mother does not give a birth in accordance with the estimated day, the doctor can quickly take an action such as induction or caesar operation. In specific cases, the doctor may suggest to give a birth before the estimated day in order to avoid further complication.
For pregnant women, especially those who are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, healthy diet is important to do. Such as consuming fruits and vegetables, nutritions, and foods that contain fibers and low fat. Weight loss during pregnancy is really not suggested, but this can be done when planning a pregnancy. Consult with your doctor first in order to know the proper diet and nutrition level for your condition.
Besides keeping the food intakes, work out is also important to do before, during, and after pregnancy. By working out regularly, the body will stimulate the glucose movement to cells and change it into energy. Moreover, working out is able to increase the sensitivity of body cells to insulin, so that the level of sugar in blood is more controlled. As addition, the doctor usually suggest several specific exercises in order to reduce inconvenient feeling such as back pain, muscle cramps, swelling, constipation, difficulty sleeping, until preparing the patient through birth process in the future.
The treatment for gestational diabetes is different for each case. Ask your doctor in order to know the right treatment which is suitable with your needs and your health condition.
Gestational Diabetes Prevention
Until now, there is no certainty yet that gestational diabetes can be entirely prevented, but there are several ways which can be done in order to press the risk of getting this disease, such as:
Routinely consume foods which contain nutrition and high fibers, such as fruits, vegetables, and seeds. Get used to manage balance portion and reduce eating foods that contain a lot of fats and calories.
Regularly work out in order to keep the fitness of body before and during pregnancy. It is suggested to do light to medium exercises such as swimming or cycling at least 30 minutes a day. If it is not possible, do short but regular exercise in order to fulfill the needs, such as walking or do house works.
Lose some weights when you plan a pregnancy by applying healthy dietary habit for better long term effects.
Do complete medical checks before you plan for a pregnancy in order to make sure that the condition of your body is in healthy state. So that you can avoid getting a risk of gestational diabetes.
Consult with your doctor first when you plan a pregnancy in order to know the tips and ways of how to prevent gestational diabetes which are suitable with your health condition