High blood sugar level can cause several troublesome diseases. Even when it is experienced by non-diabetic people, it still can give serious effect. Therefore, it is important to know the symptoms of high blood sugar in non diabetics, so that you can do prevention before it is getting worse.
Non diabetic hyperglycemia
Hyperglycemia is a condition when the blood glucose or sugar level is high. This condition can occurs even though someone is not having diabetes. Hyperglycemia can happen in a sudden during a major injury or illness. Besides that, hyperglycemia can also happen over a long time and caused by chronic disease.
Suffering from hyperglycemia means that you increase the risk of infection. Once you got wound, it will be had to heal. Then, you will be hard in managing your condition as well. Hyperglycemia that is not treated right can damage the nerve, organ, tissues, as well as blood vessels. If it damages the arteries, there will be high risk of getting heart attack as well as stroke. Meanwhile, damage that touched the nerve may end up in stomach, heart, and nerve problems.
What can increase the risks of non diabetic hyperglycemia
There are several natters that may increase the risk for non diabetic hyperglycemia. Some of them including medical condition (such as polycystic ovarian syndrome or Cushing syndrome), surgery or trauma (for example injury or burn), certain medicines(for example steroids and diuretics), infections for example urinary tract infection or pneumonia). Besides that other factors such as family history (of having diabetes or gestational diabetes), obesity (including lack of physical activity) are include a well.
Signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia
Common signs and symptoms of this condition including thirst feeling that feels more than usual. Even though you already drink lots of water, you will have frequent urination then feel thirst again. Besides, it also accompanied with blurred vision and abdominal pain. Moreover, people who have hyperglycemia sometimes also feel nausea and vomiting as the early sign.
All the above symptoms are only in common. Some people who are positively having hyperglycemia do not feel one or more of the symptom. Sometimes, having the symptoms above also does not show that he or she has hyperglycemia. If you want to know for sure, you can have a regular check up on your health. Once there is something wrong, you will get notified and can discuss further treatment with the doctor.
Symptoms that needs you to call 911 or have immediate care
If you or people around you have the symptoms in the above points, it is still in common stage and it does not need immediate care. However, there are several symptoms, which need you to take immediate actions. If you or people around you have the following signs, call 911 or get an ambulance immediately.
The signs are having a seizure and become weak as well as confused at the same time. When you have trouble in breathing or have short breath, do not panic and manage to get help immediately. When you have fruity breath smell, nausea, and vomiting at the same time, you also need to contact other people. If you check your blood sugar level regularly and realize that it is higher or lower than what it should be, you also need to contact your health provider and find out the reason why. Last, the symptoms of dehydration (for example dark yellow urine, dry skin and dry mouth and lips) is also counted in.
Prevention acts for hyperglycemia
Preventing a disease is always better than healing it when it already attacked our body. If you do not want to suffer from hyperglycemia, you can do some actions first with no need to wait for the symptoms to appear. Here they are.
The first one is having exercise. Doing exercise or any physical activities can help to lower your blood sugar level even when it is high. Besides, it can also keep the level steady over time. You do not need to do tiring exercise every day. 30 minutes for 5 days a week is enough to make hyperglycemia far away from you. If you want your children to be healthy and do not have hyperglycemia in the future, you can also ask them to join. However, they need longer time for exercise. 60 minutes each day is the minimum requirements.
Second, you need to maintain healthy weight. In this step, you may need to have a suggestion from a healthcare. It is because dealing with weight will need the right weigh loss plan if you included in the overweight. After the plan is set, you need to follow the meal plan carefully. You can make use the help offered by dietitian to make the meal plan with food that can lower the blood sugar level. Besides that, it is also important for you to decrease food with lots of carbohydrates.
Third is never smoke. As you can see, smoke contains nicotine and other chemicals in cigars and cigarettes. It can cause damage for you as well as causing your blood sugar level hard to control. If now you are a smoker, you can reduce it slowly, or get the help from a healthcare provider and say that you want to quit. In this case, E-cigarettes (smokeless tobacco) is still have some amounts of nicotine. If you want to use this product as an alternative, you cannot decide it by yourself and need to discuss it with a healthcare provider first.
Last, you also need to limit or even not drink alcohol at all. Alcohol has the potential to increase blood sugar level. One drink of alcohol is the same as 12 ounces of beer, 1 and half ounces of liquor and 5 ounces of wine. Even so, people might have different capability of keep consuming this drink in small amount. You need to have deep discussion with your healthcare provider first to know how much alcohol is safe to take.
Those are all the information about hyperglycemia and the symptoms of high blood sugar in non diabetics.