Firstly, hypoglycemia is a condition that occurs because of glucose level in your blood is too low. There are many people assumed that hypoglycemia is a something that only happens in diabetic people. However, it can occur on people who do not have diabetes as well. This is usually known as low blood sugar symptoms without diabetes.
Keep in mind that hypoglycemia is pretty different from hyperglycemia that occurs when you have too much sugar in your blood stream. Hypoglycemia can occur on diabetic people if your body is produce excessive insulin. Insulin is a hormone that breaks down glucose so that you are able to use them as energy. But, you are also able to get hypoglycemia if you have diagnosed with diabetes and you take too much insulin.
If you have diagnosed with diabetes, hypoglycemia can occur when you body cannot stabilize the glucose level in your blood, It also can occur after you taking meal and your body produces excessive insulin. However, hypoglycemia in non diabetic people is less common than hypoglycemia that occurs on diabetic people or having related conditions. Here many things to know related to hypoglycemia without diabetes.
Here, several symptoms of hypoglycemia without diabetes:
Each person has different reaction toward their blood sugar level. There are common symptoms of hypoglycemia, including of:
– Feeling dizzy
– Feeling extreme hunger
– Having blurred vision
– Personality changes
– Often sweating
– Hard to stay concentrate
If you might have hypoglycemia without any symptoms, then this condition is known as hypoglycemia unawareness.
Causes of hypoglycemia without diabetes
Hypoglycemia is both of non-reactive and reactive. Every type has different cause:
The reactive hypoglycemia
The reactive hypoglycemia occurs during several hours of having a meal. Getting excessive production of insulin can cause this reactive hypoglycemia. If you have reactive hypoglycemia also means that you have a risk to develop diabetes.
The non-reactive hypoglycemia
The non-reactive hypoglycemia is not always related to the foods and might be caused by specific or underlying disease. There are several causes of non-reactive hypoglycemia including of:
– Several eating disorders, for example anorexia
– You take some medications as something that used in children and adults who have kidney failure
– You consume too much alcohol that can stop your heart to produce glucose
-Other disorders which affect your liver, kidneys or heart
Although it’s extremely rare, the tumor in pancreas can case your body to produce too much insulin or substance like insulin that can cause hypoglycemia. Even the less of hormone can cause hypoglycemia because of hormones that control the sugar level.
The dumping syndrome
If you have passed a surgery on your stomach to relive the symptoms of gastroesophageal disease, then you might have a risk on a condition which been known as dumping syndrome. On the final dumping syndrome, then your body will release too much insulin as a respond toward meals that contain rich carbs. This thing can cause hypoglycemia and other related symptoms as well.
Who are able to develop hypoglycemia without diabetes?
You should know that hypoglycemia in non-diabetic people might occur in both of adults and children as well. So, you have a risk to develop this hypoglycemia, if you:
– Overweight or obesity
– Have other health issues
– Have specific types of surgery related to your stomach
– Have family with diabetic members
– Have the prediabetes
Although if you have prediabetes is able to increase your risk to develop diabetes, it does not always mean that you will be surely developing the type 2 diabetes. You can change into healthier diet and lifestyle that can postpone or prevent the development of prediabetes to type 2 diabetes. If you have diagnosed with prediabetes, your doctor will recommend you to change your lifestyle, such as: try to follow the healthy diet and manage your weight as well.
How is it diagnosed when you do not have diabetes?
Hypoglycemia occurs when you are in fasting period, means that you had gone for long period without having meal. Your doctor might ask you to follow the fasting test was well. This test can last during 72 hours. During this test, your blood will be taken in different times in order to measure your blood sugar level. Then another test that you might have to follow is a test of mixed-meal tolerant. This test is appropriate for those who have hypoglycemia after having meal.
Both of these tests will require the blood sample from your doctor. The result is generally available in one or two days. If your blood sugar is lower than 50 to 70 mg/dL, then you might diagnose with hypoglycemia. You should know that this number can be so vary from one to others. Most of human bodies are naturally having lower blood sugar. Your doctor will diagnose based on your blood sugar level.
Then you have to track your symptoms and let your doctor know what kind of symptoms that you have. One way to do it is keeping your symptom diary. Your diary should incorporate every symptom that you are experiencing now, what your last meal and how long before or after having meal then your symptoms occurred. Of course, this information will help your doctor to maka accurate diagnoses.
How is it treated?
Your doctor has to identify the causes or other underlying causes of your hypoglycemia in order to decide the long term therapy for you. You should know that glucose will help you to increase your blood sugar level in short term. Son one way to get addition glucose is by taking 15 grams for carbohydrates. You can consume orang juice or other healthy fruit juices as an easiest way to get additional glucose in your bloodstream. There are many sources of glucose which can shortly correct this hypoglycemia; however another drop in your blood sugar might be followed as well. Those symptoms of hypoglycemia can be so severe for many people so they can distract the daily activities.