Understanding Normal Blood Sugar Levels for Diabetic to Better Management
If you are a person with diabetes, then you might know or not know about what your target ranges for your blood glucose level as the first things in the morning, before having meals, after having meals and before you sleep. You might understand or not understand related to what blood sugar range is for person without diabetes. So, here things to know related to normal blood sugar levels for diabetic.
How you can get clear description about what happens in your blood sugar and how those things affect your health? In this article, you will find out information related to the target range for diabetic in several conditions. You are able took this target range for people with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes below:
|Target Ranges||Fasting or Upon Waking||Before Having Meal||After Having Meal|
|Adult with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes||80 to 130 mg/dL||80 to 130 mg/dL||80 to 180 mg/ dL|
|Adolescent with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes||80 to 130 mg/dL||80 to 130 mg/dL||80 to 180 mg/ dL|
You can see at what blood sugar levels should be during pregnancy for people with gestational diabetes. However there are several other factors that can affect in deciding the blood sugar targets, such as: age, disease, stress, other health conditions, how long you have diabetes, activity levels and your lifestyle.
Your doctor might use those factors related to your blood sugar level when you have diabetes. You are also able to learn that target ranges could be personalized based on those factors. By understanding and documenting your blood sugar level, then you are able to manage you blood sugar level to make them stay on your target and having best result as well.
Blood sugar target level for adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes (nonpregnant)
This can be a guideline for adults with diabetes and the range target around 80 to 130 mg/dL for pre-meal and around 80 to 180 mg/dL after having meal. These values had been shown by research as the target blood sugar level for unpregnant adults to avoid diabetes complication in the long term. You should know that less than 70 mg/dL s considered as the low blood sugar level or hypoglycemia.
Before you having meal or drink anything in the morning, even before each meal, then your blood sugar should be at 80 to 130 mg/dL. Then the target blood glucose level for unpregnant adult with diabetes is often described less than 180 mg/dL. Less of 80 mg/dL can be considered as the too low blood sugar or known as hypoglycemia. The main goal is always avoiding too low blood sugar or hypoglycemic.
Target blood sugar level for adolescents or children under 18 years old with type 1 diabetes
The high blood sugar or known as hyperglycemia does not contribute to the complications for adolescents or children whether in a short or long term. However, the too low blood sugar level or known as hypoglycemia can damage their brain function as well as memory. This is one of the most visible differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes that linked to your and adolescents. You are able to see the chart above.
The target blood sugar level for gestational diabetes
For women who diagnosed with diabetes before (type 1 and type 2 diabetes) and pregnant, then the blood sugar target levels can be seen below:
- Before meal, bed time and overnight should be at 60 to 99 mg/dL
- The highest postprandial glucose 90 t0 129 mg/dL
In addition, during pregnancy period, then the red blood cells will runs their lifespan quicker. Hence, the level of A1C will decrease during the pregnancy.
Several tips to track your blood sugar patterns
You are able to write down their blood sugar levels in different time every day and give color code with highlighters. This thing will help people with diabetes to choose their blood sugar patterns and do something different in order to adjust their blood sugar level to make them stay on the target range. The patient can take a walk as following the high carb foods, taking more insulin if they want to correct their blood sugar with insulin and reducing the amount of carbs in the next meal and more. By checking your blood sugar in different times every day, then they can work best to get them in targeted range. After their blood sugar levels get into their target ranges, then A1C should be at target as well.
Instead of letting your blood sugar level charge you, people with diabetes can be successful when they try to meet with their blood sugar goals. This thing can empower the patients and likely to get bigger chance of success in self management. Of course, this thing brings more benefits for patients, society and family through lower medical cost, less suffering and other things.
You are also able to use phone apps, as we know that phone apps are very popular recently, if you like to use smartphone, then you are able to download a handy app in your smartphone. There is an app that can track your blood sugar level, exercise, diet intake, activities and more things. Of course there are other apps available. To find out the best one then you can go to the apps store in your smartphone and look for diabetes apps. Most of apps are free to download. You can try few apps, then decide which one is work best based on your goals.
Keep in mind that there is no healthy number. In this point, you have to shoot at your target range, then you will get a little leeway as well. This is also important to get your blood sugar level in target range. This is because the target ranges in your blood sugar level can prevent you from having long term complications. Ensure that you always consult with your healthcare provider to know which one plan works for you.