Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs and How to Treat Them

Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs and How to Treat Them

Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs and How to Treat Them – Diabetes mellitus is a kind of diseases signed by the increase of sugar blood due to the damage of insulin in pancreas. It is when the insulin hormone is basically functioned to balance the sugar blood level. Once the insulin is damaged, the sugar blood cannot be controlled.

An interesting fact about diabetes mellitus is that it is not only suffered by human but also animals including the dogs. Indeed, the comparison between the dog and human with diabetes mellitus is quite small; only around 1: 500. However, it doesn’t mean that the dog owners should not be aware about this case. Once your dog has this disease, the medication and treatment is quite difficult as well as the cost to spend is also higher.


There are some factors that cause diabetes mellitus in animals. The first and the most possible one is due to the genetic factor. There are some dog breeds with higher level of risk factors including poodle, Cairn terrier, beagle, miniature schnauzer, Puli, and Dachsund. Second, just like human, the dog’s lifestyle also influences the risk of dogs to be suffered from diabetes. If the foods given are highly contained by carbohydrate and sugar, the risk is getting higher for sure. Third, other diseases caused by virus also lead on several types of complication including the diabetes. Fourth, the dog has been suffered by other severe diseases particularly those that attack the inner organs like kidney and heart. Lastly, there is the age factor. The older the dog is, the possibility of this being suffered from diabetes mellitus is getting higher.


The symptoms of diabetes mellitus on dogs cannot be detected easily since some of their habits seem so common. However, you must be aware if your dogs show some following signs.

First, it drinks so much water. It is basically a natural thing for your dog to feel thirsty particularly in the summer or after hard training. However, in conditions when it doesn’t do any activity, drinking too much water for many days can be a symptom of diabetes mellitus. If you find out you have to recharge the bowl of water more often, you may need to check the dog condition in the veterinary. More than that, there are also some other diseases with sign of drinking too much aside from diabetes.

Second, the dog may urinate more frequently. As a consequent that your dog drinks too much water, it means that it urinates more also. It can be a sign mainly if you don’t know how frequent the dog drinks is, you can predict its condition from how often it urinates.

Third, the disease can be detected from the smell of its breath. So, how is it the smell? It is something like sweet but not really good. The smell of dog’s breath indicates that the sugar blood is already higher and it needs more treatment to make it balance.

Fourth, the dog looks tired and weak even if it doesn’t do anything hard. If your dog is commonly so active and it suddenly shows this symptom for several days, it can be assumed that there is something wrong with it. Make sure to check the condition as soon as possible including going to the medical laboratory for diabetes checkup.

Fifth, just like the human, the dog can lose its weight when it is suffered from diabetes. Of course, it doesn’t always indicate the diabetes mellitus but losing weight drastically may be a sign that the dog has a certain health problem. Complete laboratory checkup can just be done to make sure whether it is the symptom of diabetes mellitus or not.


There are some diagnoses to be done to know the particular condition of your dog. The veterinary may at first watch the clinical symptoms appeared. Then, it is followed by the laboratory checkup including the checkups for blood and urine. Next, another checkup is done to know the level of sugar blood. Lastly, the dog needs to undergo the Rontgen test and USG to see the damage of kidney and pancreas.

Treatment and Medication

After finding some symptoms, the veterinary must give your dog drug and treatment. Certain therapy is also often passed through to lessen the sugar blood level. As the owners, it is important also for you to maintain the dog’s condition through several treatments. The dog must be encouraged to have enough and scheduled exercises. For the consumption, the foods must be low from carbohydrate and sugar. You should not worry; there are now many brands of dog foods that offer this series.

The dog must also pass through a diet especially if you already see it has obesity. Meanwhile, another proper diet must also be done in a condition of dog decrease its weight significantly. When the body is already ideal, it is a good indicator that the condition is getting better. For severe condition, the dog may also need insulin injection with appropriate dosage. Make sure to do it under the control and prescription from the veterinary. Lastly, it is special for the female dogs in which the hysterectomy is suggested. What is it? it is sterilization surgery to avoid the diabetes mellitus to lead on further complication.


It is much better to do the prevention from the beginning. If your dog is categorized on certain breeds mentioned in one of the points above, it means the way to treat them should be a little bit different from treating other dogs with lower risks of diabetes. The dog must be encouraged to do more physical activities like exercises. Besides, their consumption must be lower of sugar and carbohydrate since the beginning.

The risk of diabetes is higher when it is more than 7 years. Based on some research conducted, diabetes mellitus often attacks the dogs in the range of age from 7 to 9 years old. Be aware also if the dog has a tendency to gain or lose weight so easily. Although it is not always because of diabetes, more attentions are important for dogs with such conditions.