The Explanation of ICD 10 Code for Diabetes Type 2

The Explanation of ICD 10 Code for Diabetes Type 2

The Explanation of ICD 10 Code for Diabetes Type 2 – Diabetes is commonly known as a sort of diseases that is caused by the lack of insulin. As a result, the blood cannot process the glucose well so that it gives further problems. Diabetes Type 1 is a chronic disease when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or when the body itself cannot use the insulin effectively. It is occurred naturally or categorized as the autoimmune diseases. Meanwhile, Diabetes Type 2 is the lack of insulin generally caused by the factor of lifestyle like to much sugar consumption and lack of exercises. The major number of diabetes patients is under the category of Diabetes Type 2.

If we refer to the scientific code in the health and medication world, Diabetes mellitus has a code known as ICD 10. The term of ICD 10 itself is about the family medicine to be used to heal this disease. There are 5 major categories under the ICD-10 Code; they are E08, E09, E10, E11, E12, and E13. For Diabetes mellitus Type 2, the particular medicine code used is E11. So, what is it? Here is the further explanation.


The ICD 10 for Diabetes Type 2 or E11 is also named as Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus or NIDDM. It is often defined as a condition commonly experienced by people above 40 with the lack of relative insulin because of the resistance toward insulin, the sensitivity decrease of body tissues, and the responsively decrease towards exogenous and endogen insulin. In this type 2 of diabetes mellitus, the level of insulin can be actually normal, a little bit lower, or even higher. Therefore, the patients of NIDDM often don’t depend on the exogenous insulin therapy to survive.


Even in this modern day, the main cause of this type of diabetes is actually not exactly yet. The etymology is expected to be two. The first is related to the genetic factor and the second is the environment or lifestyle factor.

Many research shows that the type 2 of diabetes is often experienced by people who are lacking of physical activities or suffered from obesity. The passive daily activities like the lack of exercises, too much sitting and not moving, and others are generally blamed to be the reason why someone is suffered from this disease. More than that, it is added by the habit of too much consumption of foods contained of sugar and carbohydrate.

In fact, human’s body cells need energy from glucose to be normally functioned. Then, there must also be a kind of hormones that is able to control the glucose, the insulin. Insulin helps the cells to take and use the glucose from the blood stream. When the body is lack of relative insulin, it means that the glucose level is quite high. The condition of lacking insulin and high level of glucose is what we call diabetes mellitus.


It is not exaggerating to say that the symptoms of diabetes type 2 are classic. It actually means that any type of diabetes patients whether it is 1 or 2 can just feel them. The most common ones are frequent urination, frequent feeling of thirsty, and the feeling of hungry that is much often than usual. Meanwhile, some other symptoms that may be experienced by some patients and not for others are feeling tired, the decrease of muscle mass, losing weight, infection on wound, and blurred vision. If you experience more than two of those symptoms at once, it is better to consult your condition immediately.


Without solid management, diabetes type 2 can cause damages for the entire of your body particularly the important organs. Some complications caused by this disease are hypertension, heart disorder, stroke, kidney failure, and eye problems. For hypertension, the high level of sugar blood tends to make the blood more solid and it forces the heart to work much harder in pumping it. This complication may not be easily seen except under the medical diagnose. Then, due to the hypertension risk, the patient tends to be more susceptible towards the heart diseases and cholesterol. Well, in the severe condition, it causes stroke also.

Meanwhile, diabetes is also the main cause of more than 40% cases of kidney failure. Kidney failure can be defined as the inability of the kidney to filter the waste from the liquid of blood. In the normal condition, the blood flows through a small vessel in the kidney, the waste product is filtered, and it leaves body through urine. Too much sugar tends to make this filter stressful. Therefore, it is more difficult for the kidney to work more effectively.

Vision complication is also caused by the diabetes type 2. The most severe is namely Retinopathy diabetic. The higher sugar blood level, the possibility of blood vessels on eyes to be damaged is higher as well. If it is not treated well, it can cause blurred vision and even total blindness.

Treatments and Medications

It is so true that diabetes type 2 cannot be healed totally. However, early diagnose is important since it enables the blood sugar level to be controlled more easily.

The main purpose of diabetes treatment and medication is to maintain the balance of sugar blood level and to control the symptom. Of course, despite the medication and therapy, the patients themselves should apply the healthy lifestyles including consuming good and healthy foods, exercising regularly, lessening alcohol consumption, and also stopping smoking. Those healthy habits must be done regularly and continuously. Once you break those rules, there is high possibility that the blood sugar level is simply increased although it has been normal even for years. Diabetes type 2 is indeed a progressive disease. Therefore, the patients may need to maintain their healthy lifestyle as well as consume the medications to keep the balance of blood sugar.

Once a patient is diagnosed to be suffered from Diabetes type 2, he or she will automatically under the category ICD 10 E11. So, the treatments and medications must follow the procedure under that code as well.

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