Type one diabetes symptoms can be seen when people are at the teenage stage. This condition is also called as the juvenile diabetes. The patient will depend on the insulin shots. Type-1 diabetes is a health condition that involves the pancreas in producing too little insulin or no insulin at all. On the other hand, insulin is needed by the body to allow glucose producing energy for the body.
This type of diabetes is caused by several factors. Besides genetics or inherited, viruses could also be the culprit. Even though this condition is common in children or teenage, in fact it can be found in adults’ body too. According to research, type 1 diabetes has no cure. Meanwhile, the treatments will focus on managing the level of blood sugar using insulin shots. Changing into healthier lifestyle and diet plan will help to prevent complications.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes
There are several signs that can help you to figure out the type one diabetes symptoms. Most of them appear very suddenly. They are such as:
- Uncontrolled and excessive thirst;
- Frequent pee;
- Bed-wetting often occurred in children;
- Too frequent hunger;
- Unexplained weight loss;
- Easily irritated and mood swing;
- Weakness and fatigue;
- And blurry vision.
If you notice two or more signs above present in your body then you need to see a doctor immediately. Since this health condition is commonly happened during childhood then you better put your eyes on them closely.
Causes of type 1 diabetes
Actually, the exact cause of type one diabetes appearance is remained unknown. This is kind of the autoimmune disorder because the body’s immunes system would destroy the cells that produce insulin in the body in pancreas. But if there are some causes, they might be included genetic factors, viral exposure, and factors from environment.
Type one diabetes condition depends on the insulin shots to keep the blood sugar level in stable yet normal number. When the islet cells (which produce insulin) are destroyed, the number of insulin will decrease dramatically. The roles of insulin are such as:
- Insulin is secreted by pancreas to the bloodstream.
- Insulin will allow the glucose to enter the cells.
- Insulin will also lower the sugar amount in the bloodstream.
- When the blood sugar level decreased, the insulin secretion process in the pancreas will do the same thing too.
On the other hand, there is also glucose which helps the body to produce energy. Glucose is the main energy source. Later, the energy will build tissues and muscles. The roles of glucose include:
- There are two major sources of glucose: liver and food.
- The sugar will be absorbed by the bloodstream to be addressed to the cells with insulin helps.
- Glucose will be stored in the liver as glycogen.
- When the blood level is low, the stored glycogen will be broken down by liver for the sake of stable and blood sugar level.
In type one diabetes symptoms, the insulin production is nothing because there is no glucose in the liver. It would lead to sugar build up in the bloodstream, which will create another complication that could threaten your life.
Type 1 diabetes risk factors
There are several risk factors that give contribution to this chronic immune condition. If you have one or more on the list then you may need to check it to the doctor immediately. Early stage knowing your health condition will help to treat the condition more easily.
- Family history is the strongest factor that could increase the risk. If your parents have this condition, the chance of you to get this condition will also increase.
- It also does the same thing with the genetics.
- The place where you live also plays role to develop this condition. The risk may be increasing if you are away from equator.
- Age also contributes to this condition. Initially, this condition may appear between the age 4 and 7 years old for the first child. The second child may develop a bit older.
Type 1 diabetes complications
According to the fact and studies, type one diabetes symptoms could lead to several complications. Most of them would affect major organs in the body like kidneys, eyes, nerves, blood vessels and heart. It is important to maintain the normal level of blood sugar to reduce the complication risks significantly. The complications may include:
- Type one diabetes presence may increase risk of a person to develop many problems in cardiovascular like coronary artery disease, hypertension, stroke, atherosclerosis, angina, and heart attack.
- Diabetes will also damage the nerve because the excessive sugar would tear down the wall in blood vessels. Numbness and burning sensation will be the result of it. In some cases, it causes nausea, diarrhea and constipation, and vomiting along with erectile dysfunction in male patients.
- On the other hand, it could also damage the kidney by slamming the delicate filtering system in it. In the most severe condition, a patient will need kidney transplant.
- Diabetes also does the damage to the vision since the retina’s blood vessels are damaged too. Glaucoma and cataract are two possible things.
- The nerve damage also occurred on the foot. Poor blood flow makes the healing process of wound becomes slower. If it is not properly treated, it could lead to serious wound or even amputation.
- Fungal infection on mouth and skin may occur too. The mouth will remain dry.
- Complications during pregnancy could lead to serious problem like miscarriage and birth defects.
Type 1 diabetes prevention
Until today, there is no cure or medicine to prevent this condition. However, the research and studies are still doing their best to find the type one diabetes prevention. Still, it is better to know it earlier so the complications could be limited.
So, if you think you are eligible for this condition then you need to see the doctor immediately. It needs more than one clinical trial to reveal the specific condition. Besides, the trial will help you to figure out the proper treatment. Self-assessment will be needed to reveal type one diabetes symptoms.