The differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic diseases and timeless condition that can affect your body’s ability to use energy found in your food. Commonly, there are two main types of diabetes, they are: type 1 and type 2. All of types of diabetes share something in common. So, what’s the difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes?
Usually, your body will break down carbohydrate and sugars that you eat become glucose. Then glucose will fuel the cells inside your body. You should know that cells need insulin, a hormone inside your blood sugar in order to bring glucose and use them as energy as well. With diabetes, then your body cannot produce enough insulin and do not use properly the insulin which being produced or even combination of both as well. Because of cells cannot bring the glucose, then cells will build up in your bloodstream. Result, you get higher blood sugar that can damage your small blood vessel inside your kidney, eyes, heart and nervous system. Therefore, if diabetes left untreated can result the hart disease, kidney disease blindness stroke and nerve damage in your feet.
So, what’s difference?
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is often known as insulin-dependent diabetes. Back then, it used to be known as the juvenile diabetes because it often occurred during childhood. You should know that type 1 diabetes is the autoimmune condition which is caused by a body that strikes its own pancreas with the antibodies. People who have type 1 diabetes have damaged pancreas that does not produce insulin. This type 1 diabetes might be caused by genetic predisposition. However, it also can be caused by the defective beta cells in the pancreas which normally produce insulin inside your body.
There are several medical risk were related to type 1 diabetes. Many of them come from the damage of small blood vessels in your eyes which is known as diabetic retinopathy, kidney (diabetic nephropathy) and nerves system (diabetic neuropathy). Even, there are more serious issues, such as increasing of stroke and heart. There are several treatments for type 1 diabetes, including of insulin shots, which have to be injected into under fatty skin. There are several methods of injecting insulin, including of:
– Insulin pens, using pre-filled cartridges and fine needle
– A shoot
– Jet injector, using the high pressured air to deliver the insulin into the skin
– Insulin pump, releasing insulin throughout flexible tubing into the catheter under your abdomen skin
You might get periodic test which known as A1C that estimates your blood sugar level over the previous 3 months. So, it can be used to help you identify all of glucose level control and the risks of complication from diabetes, such as organ damage and so on. Of course, having type 1 diabetes need to significantly change your lifestyle, including of:
– Getting routine testing of blood sugar
– Daily exercise
– Careful meal or diet planning
– Taking insulin and other medications as recommended by your doctor.
So, people who diagnosed with type 1 diabetes can lead to get more active and longer live if they are able to accurately monitor their blood sugar, changing their lifestyle as needed and comply the treatment plan properly.
Type 2 Diabetes
So far, the most common type of diabetes is type 2 diabetes and around 95% cases on adults. Back then, this type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes, however many obesity kids make more teenagers were now developing the type 2 diabetes as well. Type 2 diabetes is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is thought as lighter form of diabetes than type 1 diabetes. Even so, type 2 diabetes is still can lead health complications, especially in the tiniest blood vessels which sustain nerves, kidneys and eyes. Type 2 diabetes is also increases the risk of stroke and heart disease.
People who have type 2 diabetes have pancreas that still produce insulin. However, the number produced is not enough to feel the body’s cells and body’s need as well. The insulin resistance or less of sensitivity insulin might occur in liver, muscle cells and fats as well. Obesity people with more 20% over their proportional body can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes and other medical issues as well. Obese people might have insulin resistance that make pancreas should work harder to produce more insulin. Nevertheless, there is no enough insulin to maintain your sugar stay normal.
Keep in mind that there is no cure for diabetes, however type 2 diabetes is manageable and can be controlled with exercise and weight management. Unfortunately, type 2 diabetes has tendency to progress and required specific medications. Your doctor will recommend you with A1C test, a blood test that estimates your glucose level in your blood over previous 3 months.
How does type 1 diabetes develop inside your body?
As mentioned before that type 1 diabetes was known as autoimmune disease means that it results from the immune system which is mistakenly striking several parts inside your body. In many cases of type 1 diabetes, the immune system always gets faulty targets the insulin producing beta cells inside the pancreas. So, the immune system inside people who have type 1 diabetes will constantly striking the beta cells until they cannot produce the insulin.
How does type 2 diabetes develop inside your body?
Both of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are different. Immune system in people with type 2 diabetes does not strike the beta cells. Alternately, the type 2 diabetes is indicated by sudden weight loss because its ability to provide respond to insulin that is also known as insulin resistance. Then your body will reimburse the effectiveness of insulin by producing more, but it cannot produce enough insulin. Over the time, the tension occurred on beta cells by the level of insulin production can damage them and decreasing the insulin production as well.
Keep in mind that two most common type of diabetes are very different and you can use this article as reference.